CMA
   

Chapter III Meteorological Observation

Source:

    Article 15 Meteorological offices and stations subordinate to competent at various levels shall, in accordance with the regulations set by the competent meteorological department under the State Council, take meteorological observation and report the collected data to the competent meteorological departments concerned.  No meteorological observation may be discontinued without approval by the competent meteorological department at a higher level.

    The competent meteorological department under the State Council and the local competent meteorological departments concerned shall, in accordance release the observed basic meteorological data at appropriate intervals.

    Article 16 Meteorological offices and stations subordinate to other relevant departments under the State Council or under the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government, as well as other organizations or individuals that engage in meteorological observation shall, in accordance with report the observed meteorological data to the competent meteorological department under the State Council or to the competent meteorological departments of provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government.  

    The competent meteorological departments at various levels Shall, under the principles of sharing and joint use of meteorological data and in accordance with relevant State regulations, exchange with relevant other units that meteorological information engage in meteorological work.  
    Article 17 All drilling platforms located in inland or territorial waters of the People's Republic of China or in the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, and aircraft and ocean-going vessels of Chinese nationality navigating international lines shall, in accordance with relevant State regulations, take meteorological observation and report the observed data.  

    Article 18 Where meteorological observation data other than the basic ones need to be kept secret, they shall be classified into different categories.  The categories shall be altered and the data shall be declassified and used in accordance with the provisions of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Guarding State Secrets.  

    Article 19 The State protects the environs for meteorological observation in accordance with law.  All organizations and individuals shall have the obligation to protect such environs.  

    Article 20 The following acts jeopardizing the environs for meteorological observation are prohibited£ļ
   (1) placing obstacles or conducting explosion or quarry operations within the protected environs for meteorological observation£Ľ
   (2)installing, within the protected environs for meteorological observation, high-frequency electromagnetic radiation devices which impair the performance of the meteorological measuring instruments£Ľand
   (3)other acts that impair meteorological observation within the protected environs for such observation.  
    The criteria for the protected environs for meteorological observation shall be prescribed by the competent

meteorological department under the State Council.  People's governments at all levels shall, in accordance with the statutory criteria, delimit protected environs for meteorological observation and incorporate them into city planning or into village or town planning.  

    Article 21 When building, expanding or renovating construction projects, the constructors shall avoid jeopardizing the environs for meteorological observation. Where it is really impossible to avoid jeopardizing the observation environs of national reference climatological stations or basic synoptic stations, the constructors shall first ask for permission of the competent meteorological department under the State Council, and where jeopardizing of such environs of other meteorological offices or stations cannot be avoided, the constructors Shall first ask for permission of the competent meteorological departments of provinces, autonomous regions or°°municipalities directly under the Central Government. No construction may be started until appropriate measures are taken. 

 





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